Head and neck cancer is a term used to define cancer that develops in the mouth, throat, nose, salivary glands, oral cancers, or other areas of the head and neck. Most of this cancer are squamous cell carcinomas or cancers that begin in the lining of the mouth, nose, and throat. 75 % Tobacco use, heavy alcohol use, increase the risk of head and neck cancers.
In 2016, it was estimated that 61,760 individuals will be diagnosed with head and neck cancers in the United States, with approximately 13,190 deaths from the disease. A small number of head and neck cancers develop from other types of cells.